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山东中华文化学院院长王志民: 回归原点,寻求共识

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Wang-ZhiminWang-Zhimin, male, born in 1949.He is the director of Shandong Normal University Qilu Culture Research C...

Wang-Zhimin

Wang-Zhimin, male, born in 1949.He is the director of Shandong Normal University Qilu Culture Research Center which is the Chinese Ministry of education key Institute of Humanities and Social Science, Professor, doctoral supervisor, and chief expert, as the Shandong Chinese culture Dean, former vice president of Shandong Normal University, author of "Qilu cultural history". He has published more than 80 papers.

Returning to the original point, seeking consensus-

Reflection on the dialogues between multiple civilizations in the world

With the colossal impact of globalization, to construct a new world culture becomes a historical task for the development of human culture. There is a proper way for cultural development. In this way, we must respect the differences, strengthen communication, seek multi-harmony and look for common prosperity.

In the new global era, humanity is facing many problems which are amazingly similar to those of ancient times.

Returning to the original point and seeking consensus, that is not retrogression or recovery of human civilization.

On the contrary, it is the refiection on the origin of human culture. Simultaneously, it's the starting and similar point of seeking not only the basis of communication between different civilizations, but also harmony and common prosperity. Based on this, the following part is three relationships worth considering.

First, the relationship between human and nature is an etemal theme in the history ofhuman civilization. The dialogue and advance of human civilization are exactly the ways and attitudes to reach consensus on the treatment of nature.

On the issue of harmony and common prosperity, any civilization is based on the relationship between human and nature.

Second, the relationships among people cannot be ignored. In the thousands-of-years progress of human civilization, interpersonal relationships constantly undergo significant change. Economic globalization has promoted dependency considerably from person to person. At the same time, qualitative changes have occurred in the interpersonal relationship. The dialogue of civilizations in modem times requires people to transcend ethnic barriers and national borders in order to share understanding, tolerance and harmony instead of confrontation. The modem shaping of people's relationships is a precondition for future development ofworld civilization.

Third, the relationship between man and society is also very important. Productive dialogues between civilizations depend on a new cultural horizon. In this horizon, we should establish many new relations between human and society, between one state and the other, as well as among the various religious faiths. Moreover, for the horizon it is essential to make joint efforts for the future construction of a new world culture.

In the course ofthe latest construction of the world culture, between different civilizations, it is required to transcend itself, overtake the history, seek consensus, make a breakthrough and move toward mutual prosperity. It consists of three sections. The first section is the vision of the world. A grand vision, scientific method and diverse civilizations are the bases for dialogue. The second section is the philosophical breakthrough. Through adequate exchange, various ideologies reach a consensus and come together mainstream ideology. The third section is consensus and common prosperity. Civilizations should enhance themselves in the dialogue, accept and absorb others. The trunk of a new global culture will naturally occur in a harmonious atmosphere.

 

王志民

王志民,男,1949年生,中国教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地——山东师范大学齐鲁文化研究中心主任、教授、博士生导师、首席专家,山东师范大学文学院教授、博士生导师。原山东师范大学副校长,现任山东省政协副主席,兼山东中华文化学院院长,第七、九、十、十一届全国人大代表,著有《齐鲁文化通史》等,发表论文80余篇。

回归原点,寻求共识——对世界不同文明对话的思考

 
面对全球化带来的巨大影响,人类文化发展面临着共同构建世界新文化的历史重任,尊重不同文明之间的差异,加强文明对话、交流,寻求多元和谐、共荣,是一条正确的文化发展之路。

迎来全球化的历史新时代的人类面临的问题,与人类文明创世之初有着惊人的相似之处。回归原点,寻求共识,不是人类文明的倒退与复原,而是从人类文化本源上去思考,寻找不同文明的对话基础与和谐共荣的出发点与共识。主要有三大关系值得我们思考:

一、人与自然的关系。这是人类文明发展史上的一个永恒主题。人类文明的对话与发展,就是要在以何种方式和态度对待自然上达成共识。各类文明的和谐共荣,首先是以人与自然的和谐共荣为基础的。

二、人与人的关系。在数千年人类文明发展中,人际关系不断发生着重大改变。经济全球化使人与人之间依存度大幅度提升,人际关系发生质的变化。当今世界文明的对话,必然要求人们超越族群与国界的藩篱,超越不同文明的阋墙,以交流加深了解,以宽容对待“异己”,以和谐代替对抗。无新型人际关系的塑造,即无未来世界文明之发展。

三、人与社会关系。不同文明之间的对话,应以新视野寻求解决,其中包括各文明系统内部人与社会新型关系的确立,各种宗教信仰间新型关系的确立,以及一国与他国、一国与全人类新关系的建立,以为未来世界新文化的建构共同努力。

在新的世界文化建构中,不同文明之间要超越自我、超越历史、寻求共识、实现突破、走向共荣,这就需要实现以下三点:其一,世界眼光。要超越偏狭的文化史观,以宏阔的视野、科学的方法,看待不同文明,是交流对话的基础。其二,哲学突破。一是百家思想,竞相发展,各有突破;二是充分的对话与争鸣。三是共识和主流思想是在长期对话、交流、吸收、发展中自然形成。其三,共荣共识。追求世界各文明在对话交流中自我变革、提升、由相容到相融,世界新文化的主流与主干在和谐自然中产生。


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