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弗雷娅·马修斯-生态文明: 古代传统和二十一世纪设计的交会

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Freya MathewsFreya Mathews is Adjunct Professor of Environmental Philosophy at Latrobe University, where she has ta...

Freya Mathews

Freya Mathews is Adjunct Professor of Environmental Philosophy at Latrobe University, where she has taught for twenty years and currently co-coordinates the Environmental Culture Research Cluster. Her books include The Ecological Self (1991), Ecology and Democracy (editor) (1996), For Love of Matter: a Contemporary Panpsychism (2003), Joumey to the Source of the Merri (2003), Reinhabiting Reality: towards a Recovery of Culture (2005). She is the author of over fifty scholarly articles in the area of ecological philosophy and co-edits the joumal, Philosophy Activism Nature. In addition to her research activities she manages a private biodiversity reserve in Central Victoria.

 

Eco-civilization :

where ancient tradition meets twenty-first century design

 

In China, Dao is understood as the Way of nature, the way that natural systems unfold when left to their own devices. But can civilization also rest on Dao? Can Dao inform and shape the unfolding of civilization? And will a civilization that consciously follows Dao in its basic design and procedural principles be an ecologically sensitive and sustainable one? In this paper I argue that biomimicry, as a contemporary theory of design, can serve as a vehicle for Daoism in the twenty-first century: Daoism, in particular the Laoist notion of wu wei, offers a powerful philosophical lens for interpreting biomimicry. Such a Laoist reading, which adds much needed philosophical depth to the notion of biomimicry, affords Daoism a central role in current debates about sustainability and the outlines of a sustainable civilization. At the same time, the global state of environmental crisis that has elicited biomimicry as a design response provides a paradigm-shifting new context in which Daoists can in tum interrogate their tradition, thereby deepening and enhancing its relevance for the present era.

 

弗雷娅·马修斯

弗雷娅‘马修斯女士是拉筹伯大学环境哲学副教授,她在这家大学从事教学工作已有20年,目前,她协调环境文化研究集群。她的著作包括<生态自我》(1991年)、《生态和民主》(编辑)(1996年)、《物质之爱:当代万有精神论>(2003年)、《快乐之源的旅程》(2003年)、《重新居住的现实:通向文化复兴》(2005年)。她发表过50多篇关于生态哲学的学术论文,并作为《哲学活动本质》杂志的编辑之一。除了研究活动以外,她在维多利亚中部管理一个私人的生物多样性保护区。

 

生态文明:古代传统和二十一世纪设计的交会处

 

在中国,“道”被理解为自然之道,也就是自然体系在不受人为干扰的情况下起作用的方式。但文明能否建立在“道”之上?“道”能否指导和塑造文明进程?在基础设计和程序原则方面自觉遵循“道”的文明是否是生态敏感的并可持续发展的?在本文中,我认为,作为当代设计理论,仿生学可以作为道教在二十一世纪的一个工具。道教(尤其是老子的“无为”观念)为仿生学的解释提供了一个强大的哲学透镜。这种老子的解读,对仿生学概念添加了可贵的哲学深度,在目前有关可持续性和可持续文明概念的辩论中,道教扮演一个中心的角色。同时,环境危机的全球现状导致仿生学作为一种设计响应,提供了一种范例转移的新背景,道家可以在其中审视其传统,从而深化并提高它在当代的相关性。


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