- 发布时间：2013-01-24 17:27
- 发布时间：2013-01-24 17:27
Born in Dalian, Liaoning Province. He was graduated from the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Fudan University, Shanghai. He is a research fellow and doctor's tutor of Chinese National Academy of Arts, a member of National Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Expert Committee, president of the Society ofA Dream of Red Mansions, president and chief editor of the magazine "A Dream of Red Mansions'i. He once served as the Secretary of Party Committee and deputy president of Chinese National Academy ofArts, executive deputy director of China Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection Center. He has been engaged in the study on Chinese classical novels and the protection of intangible cultural heritage for a long time, especially the study on "A Dream of Red Mansions", he has written several books such as "Ramble on A Dream of Red Mansions", "Talking About the Characters in A Dream of Red Mansions"etc., he is the main organizer and promoter of academic activities conceming "ADream of Red Mansions" in today's China.
The Clash of Civilizations
Since Mr. Huntington put forward the theory of "the Clash of Civilizations", the two phrases of "the clash of civilizations" and "civilization dialogue", just like twin sisters, often appear in people's words. "The Clash of Civilizations" put forward by Huntington has been questioned by many people, because many clashes in today'sworld cannot be explained by using "the Clash of Civilizations", obviously many clashes are not caused by cultural difference, but the clash of interests.
Nonetheless, the proposal and subsequent discussion of "the Clash of Civilizations" arouse public attention on cultural difference, the misunderstanding caused by cultural difference, the dangers of the clash, and the calling and expectation for civilization dialogue, which have important theoretical value and practical significance.
Reality shows that although cultural difference is not the root cause of clash, it is an important background and one of the causes of clash, this cultural difference cannot be omitted. It seems that the methods for solving such difference are dialogue, communication and exchange. Therefore, when talking about "the Clash of Civilizations", people will naturally think of "civilization dialogue". Certainly, if somebody is of the opinion that "dialogue" can solve the fundamental problem, that will be too naive. However, "dialogue" is better than no dialogue, exchange is better than antagonism. Understanding and cognition will deepen through communication and exchange, thus relieving misunderstanding, conflict and clash.
Civilization dialogue is neither an empty word nor a form,rather,it should be concrete communication and exchange,its fundamental premise is sincerity and mutual respect, only in this way, can the risk of clash be eliminated or reduced through communication and exchange. If someone regards himself as the master or number one, always considers that his own culture is the best, his value outlook is the best, and even forces his ideas on other people, then this dialogue is not equal, and cannot eam respect.
We should admit that cultural difference is inevitable. Since its inception, human civilization is always diversified, the diversity of civilizations is the nature of civilizations, it is the fountain and motivation of civilization progress. In 2001, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) adopted the "Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity"; in 2003, UNESCO adopted the "Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage"; and in 2005, UNESCO adopted the "Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions", their fundamental spirit and principle are consistent, reflecting the fact that the international community has profound understanding and protection will on cultural diversity. It has been confirmed that cultural diversity is a basic characteristic of humanity; it has been recognized that cultural diversity is the common wealth of humanity, and cultural diversity should be treasured and protected for the interests of the human race. The consensus on cultural diversity reached by intemational community is the basis for civilization dialogue.
The basic characteristic of Chinese civilization spirit is pluralistic integration, Chinese nation is composed of 56 ethnic groups, each ethnic group has its own culture, however, in the history of Chinese civilization for thousands of years, though unification and division alternate with each other, integration and harmony are the mainstream, that's because the fundamental value outlook of Chinese civilization is "harmonious", is "harmonious but different", is harmonious co-existence. Chinese civilization spirit should and can make contributions to human civilization dialogue.
文明冲突论 自从亨廷顿先生提出“文明冲突论”以来， “文明冲突”和“文明对话”这两个词语，就像孪生姐妹一样，常常是一起出现在人们的话语中。亨廷顿的“文明冲突论”受到了人们的质疑，因为当今世界上的许多冲突似乎用“文明的冲突”解释不了，许多冲突显然不是文化差异所致，而是“利益”的冲突。